Grains of einkorn with scales
Grains of einkorn
Chemical composition of einkorn
Rich in carbohydrates, proteins, fats, it has a high nutritional value of cereal, 100 g of einkorn provide enough protein for one day. It contains twice more unsaturated fat and wheat due to the fibers is much more easily digested. It contains very little gluten.
There are reports that for at least 70% of people with gluten intolerance, einkorn does not cause allergic reactions, that is why there is a misconception that einkorn contains no gluten. It is very rich in minerals – 4 times more magnesium than brown rice, 5 times more phosphorus than soybeans. Its proteins contain 8 kinds of amino acids, including lysine, which rarely occurs in grains. Lysine is an essential amino acid, slows aging of the bones (osteoporosis), promotes good concentration has preventive and containment action against viruses. According to recent studies einkorn is good food for diabetes. It contains soluble carbohydrates, polysaccharides have the ability to strengthen the immune system.
Einkorn is suitable for consumption on days with protein and carbohydrates for people who follow the “Ninety-day diet.” This is very relevant in recent years diet for overweight people and other expressed health problems, such as high blood simple pressure, bone and joint problems, the above-mentioned diabetes and others, as well as nursing, active sportsmen and all who wish to reduce its weight with lasting effect and follow a diet which does not deprive body from nothing, incl. sweet.
Einkorn is rich in micro and macronutrients, necessary for the proper functioning of the human organism. The results of the study of 5 varieties of einkorn and 150 varieties of wheat bread, showed increased content of Zn, Fe, Cu, Mn, Ca, Mg, K and P in einkorn compared to wheat. Triticum monococcum is characterized by higher concentrations compared to bread wheat for Zn – 72 vs. 35 mg / kg, Fe – 52 vs. 36 mg / kg, Mn – 46 vs. 30 mg / kg, Cu – 9 vs. 6 mg / kg, Mg – 1,51 g / kg vs. 1,125 g / kg and P- 5,41 g / kg vs. 3,10 g / kg (Hidalgo and Brandolini, 2014).
Of particular importance in healthy diets is the content of Fe, Zn and Mn. Twice as high in Fe and Zn and more than four times Mn was found in the einkorn compared to modern wheat and barley, which supports the importance that occupies this culture in modern dietary.
As regards the content of minerals, Bálint et.al. (2001) found slightly higher levels of iron and manganese as compared with the ordinary wheat,until Jantsch and Trautz (2003) suggest a high content of zinc and magnesium. Abdel-Aal et al. (1995) found higher levels of phosphorus and potassium in the einkon compared to common wheat. The ash content in wholemeal grist of einkorn is usually higher, compared with durum wheat and common wheat (D’Egidio et al., 1993; Grausgruber et al., 2004b).
Einkorn has antioxidant properties, stimulates metabolism, assist in removing toxins from the body and activates the kidneys, improves digestion and circulation and has vasodilatory properties, unlike the rest wheat has an alkaline effect, easily digestible, supports intellectual activity.